Moving Out of State

2023 US Migration Trends: Influx and Exodus of Residents

Analyzing relocation patterns within the United States is crucial for understanding demographic shifts and economic developments. In 2023, certain states emerged as popular destinations while others experienced a net loss of residents due to various factors. US Homeowners are migrating to different states for different reasons. Here is a summary of where they are moving to and patterns of relocation.

States Welcoming New Residents:

  • Texas: Maintaining its top spot, Texas received over 174,000 new residents in 2023. Attributing factors include its lower cost of living, robust job market, and increasingly diverse economy, particularly in the technology sector.
  • Florida: The Sunshine State’s allure for retirees and families seeking warmer climates remained strong, attracting 249,064 residents in 2023. Favorable tax structures and diverse cultural offerings further enhanced its appeal.
  • North Carolina: Offering a combination of affordability, job growth, and milder weather, North Carolina welcomed 82,160 new residents in 2023. This influx likely reflects both internal migration within the region and in-migration from other states.
  • Arizona: Similar to other Sun Belt states, Arizona’s growing tech sector, affordable housing options, and overall quality of life contributed to an influx of 64,430 residents in 2023.
  • South Carolina: Boasting affordable housing, a lower cost of living, and proximity to beaches, South Carolina saw 58,540 new residents arrive in 2023, showcasing its growing appeal for various demographics.
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States Experiencing Outbound Migration:

  • California: Despite its economic power, California witnessed the highest net loss of residents in 2023, potentially exceeding 100,000 more departures compared to 2022. The high cost of living, including housing and taxes, continues to be a major push factor.
  • Illinois: Facing economic challenges and high taxes, Illinois saw an estimated 30,000+ more departures in 2023. Concerns about job security in specific sectors and the state’s pension system also contributed to out-migration.
  • New York: While data varies slightly, several sources indicate a significant increase in outbound migration from New York, particularly urban areas. The high cost of living, combined with taxes and regulations, appears to be driving residents towards more affordable locations.
  • New Jersey: The trend of residents leaving New Jersey continued in 2023, marking the sixth consecutive year of net out-migration. Taxes, cost of living, and job opportunities are potential factors influencing this pattern.
  • Michigan: Declining job opportunities in some sectors and the allure of lower cost of living in other states contributed to an increase in outbound migration from Michigan in 2023.

Key Takeaways:

  • Affordability, job opportunities, and climate remained significant drivers of interstate migration in 2023.
  • Several Sun Belt states experienced significant influxes, while some traditional economic powerhouses witnessed net losses.
  • Individual considerations and priorities ultimately shape relocation decisions, making generalizations challenging.

Several sources agree that while internal migration within states was significant in 2023, the states with the highest number of residents leaving compared to 2022 were:

1. California:

  • Outbound increase: While data varies slightly depending on the source, California saw a continued rise in residents leaving for other states, potentially exceeding 100,000 more departures in 2023 compared to 2022.
  • Key drivers: High housing costs, taxes, and cost of living remain the primary motivators. Other factors include:
    • Limited job opportunities in specific sectors: While California boasts a strong overall economy, some industries haven’t experienced the same growth, prompting individuals to seek opportunities elsewhere.
    • Competition for resources: Increased population density and strain on resources like water and energy contribute to concerns about sustainability and quality of life for some residents.
    • Desire for a different lifestyle: California’s fast-paced urban environment isn’t ideal for everyone. Some seek lower-density living, milder climates, or closer proximity to nature, pushing them towards other states.

2. Illinois:

  • Outbound increase: Estimates suggest Illinois saw around 30,000 more residents leave in 2023 compared to 2022.
  • Key drivers: Similar to California, high taxes, cost of living, and concerns about job security, particularly in specific industries, are major reasons for leaving. The state’s pension system struggles also contribute to economic anxieties.

3. New York:

  • Outbound increase: While not explicitly mentioned as one of the top in all sources, New York City consistently sees a high number of outbound residents, potentially experiencing an increase of several thousand compared to 2022.
  • Key drivers: While New York offers abundant opportunities and cultural attractions, the high cost of living, particularly in urban areas, remains a significant push factor. Additional factors include:
    • Taxes and regulations: Some residents find the overall tax burden and regulatory environment less favorable compared to other states.
    • Remote work flexibility: The rise of remote work allows some residents to seek more affordable locations while maintaining their jobs.
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Other noteworthy mentions:

  • Michigan: Saw an increase in outbound migration, likely driven by lower job opportunities and cost-of-living concerns compared to other states.
  • Kansas: Outbound migration increased, attributed to economic factors and limited job markets, pushing residents to states with better prospects.

Other Highlights:

  • Moving Prices: Due to supply chain disruptions and increased demand, moving costs remained high, hovering between $950-$17,000 for long-distance moves and $200-$7,500 for local moves.
  • Technology: There was increased adoption of moving technology to estimate costs, compare quotes, and manage logistics.


  • These trends are based on aggregate data and individual experiences may vary significantly.
  • Reasons for migration are complex and influenced by various factors specific to each case.
  • Migration often flows in both directions, and some states are gaining residents even while losing others.
  • Learn more about moving costs and how to hire a residential moving company that you can trust.